Ploughing is a method of deep tillage which results in a complete inversion of the soil. The plough will turn over the upper layer of the soil in a single pass, which can bring fresh nutrients to the surface. It also buries weeds, trash, and the remains of previous crops, leaving an exposed surface that is highly porous and ready to be prepared for seeding. Ploughing is most commonly carried out in the winter months.

If you had to pick one farm implement that has positively changed the course of human history more than any other, the top candidate would surely be the plough....

For most of recorded history, the plough has been a central theme. As an efficient method for preparing large areas of soil to be grown upon, it has no equal, a true giant among the many tools available to farmers around the world.  A plough is designed to assist in the initial cultivation of soil, preparing the ground by turning and loosening the soil. For centuries, ploughs were drawn by working animals such as horses or cattle – or even by people. The first ever tractors were steam-powered “ploughing engines” that worked in pairs to pull a plough across the land.

There are 3 main types of ploughs:

• Conventional – this is the earliest and most basic design of plough still in common use, which has bodies mounted one side only
• Mounted – this is the most popular style of plough, available in a range of sizes from 3 – 8 furrows
• Semi-Mounted – these ploughs operate similarly to a trailed machine – as the tractor is not required to be able to lift the full weight of the implement, they tend to be larger in size – 10+ furrows
As the tractor draws the implement through the soil, the plough creates long trenches of soil known as furrows. This can then be left to dry out and then levelled and further broken down in preparation for planting by use of a harrow.

There is a wide range of functionality to chose from or specify with modern ploughs. Variable furrow width is one feature, with either manual or hydraulic controls. Ploughs can also be fitted with skims, front furrow adjustment, discs, auto-reset feature, and on land/in furrow configurations. Some of the recent ploughs such as the Kverneland i-plough are controllable from the tractor cab using an ISOBUS module.

Plough maintenance tends to be quite simple. Most of the wearing metal parts are easily replaceable, and in common with all farm equipment, the more advanced designs with a greater number of moving parts will require regular greasing and preventative maintenance to prevent any issues when in use.

How a plough performs is down in large part to way in which it is set up. Refer to our blog for informative guides on this. We’re also going to be releasing more content soon on the effect of plough body types on performance – watch this space!

When you’re making an investment in such a key piece of farm equipment, it’s vital to know you’re getting the most appropriate took for your requirements. Not sure what plough will best suit your needs? Pick up the phone or come along to our farm for an informative chat with us! Hundreds of farmers have relied on Ellis Machinery for years to give reliable advice and a fair deal.

The most popular brands of ploughs used in our country, all stocked by Ellis Machinery, are as follows:

• Kverneland
• Lemken
• Dowdeswell
• Kuhn
• Gregoire Besson
As one of the nation’s leading suppliers to the agricultural industry, with more than 25 years’ experience, we have the knowledge to help you get the best deal. Our 6-Acre site has hundreds of machines in stock. We’re conveniently located in central England.

Our customer-centric approach is at the core of everything we do, ensuring all the farmers that choose us as their equipment partner save time and money, while making the best decisions for their needs. Contact us today by calling 01926 640 637, sending an email to, or by using the form on our website. Discover the ways we can help - you won’t regret it!